A Study about the Health Status of Tribal Women in Bastar Region, Chhattisgarh, India

Teeku Sinha, Gajendra Singh, Ananya Diwan

Abstract


Background: The health and nutritional problem are most common in tribal women of India. According to NFHS-4, 26.7% (CG-29.6% Bastar-40.6%) women in rural areas had BMI below 18.5, indicating chronic energy deficiency, and the prevalence of anemia was found to be 54.2% (CG-48.2% Bastar-68.1%). Based on this background present study was carried out in the rural practice area of Department Community Medicine to assess the health status of the tribal women.

Objectives: To assess the health status of tribal women and determine the factors.

Material & Method: A cross sectional study conducted in field practice area of RHTC of Department of Community Medicine late Baliram Kashayp Memorial Govt. Medical College Jagdalpur covering Village Dimrapal, Marenga, Pamela, and Biringpal. Total 107 women were interviewed. Study period is July to December 2017. Pre designed structured questionnaire was administered to collect the information. Anthropometric measurements were done and conjunctival pallor was observed to assess anaemia. Statistical analysis was done by MS excel 2010 and SPSS versan 21.

Results: Mean height of women is 155.86 ± 5.88 cm. and mean weight is 50.48 ± 7.83 kg. Pallor was observed among 19.6% women, 17.75% women had BMI less than 18.5.

Conclusion: Continue awareness is required to elevate the health status among women in tribal area.


Keywords


Body Mass Index, Health status, Tribal women

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