A Review of Research Projects done by Under- Graduate Medical Students over a Period of Fifteen Years in a Medical College in Coimbatore

Senthil Kumar SK, Thanigai Nayaki KP, Sivamani M

Abstract


Background: As per Medical Council of India guidelines, Under-graduate medical students must involve in planning, implementation and evaluation of a health education program. Problem Solving for Better Health (PSBH) is an excellent opportunity provided to fulfill this objective. PSBH participants are encouraged to generate new ideas and methods to more effectively utilize the resources that are currently available to them to help solve specific health problems in their areas. Many of the PSBH projects are Health Education Intervention projects and Behavior change is the core idea of Health Education. We intend to assess the projects documenting behavior change following Health Education Intervention.

Methods: Abstract, Objectives, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Questionnaires of the submitted Health Education Intervention projects were reviewed for data on the Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Change in Behavior of participants before and after Health Education Intervention. Data entered in
Epi-Info 6.0 and percentage projects showing Knowledge, Attitude and Behavioral change were assessed.

Results: Out of the 243 PSBH projects 177(72.83%) were Health Education Intervention projects. Behavioral assessment before intervention was done in 152(85.87%) studies. 88(49.71%) studies have documented the changes in behavior after intervention and only 38 out of these 88 studies have documented the statistical significance for the change in behavior. 2(0.01%) of the studies have used Health Education Models other than Knowledge Attitude Practice (KAP) Model. Convenient sampling is done in all the studies.

Conclusion: Nearly half of the PSBH projects on Health Education Intervention have documented the change in behavior. The use of appropriate Health Education Models, standard sampling methods, proper statistical analysis and documenting change in Behavior will add value for their study.


Keywords


Problem Solving for Better Health (PSBH), Health Education, Behavioral change

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