A Clinical Study in Evaluating the Efficacy of Eranda Taila for Augmentation of Labor

Dr. Snehal Ambalgekar, Mamatha K V

Abstract


Background and Objectives: The journey of pregnancy and delivery of a baby is a memorable event in every woman’s life. Labor is an intricate process relying on many factors like passage – the pelvis; passenger – the fetus and power – uterine contractility and maternal expulsive effort for its successful outcome. The time taken for normal labor in primi is 12–14 hours and latent phase of labor is expected not to exceed more than 8 hours,1 thus any intervention that augments and eases labor is well accepted, providing comfort to mother and fetus. Garbha niskramana kriya2 being one of the important functions of apanavata, its normalcy is necessary for normal labor. Our ancient acharyas have explained anuvasana basti3-6 in the ninth month paricharya of garbhini, where basti tends for vatanulomana, particularly apanavata and for garbhamarga snehanarth. Eranda taila7 having vatanulomana, yonivishodhana and adhobhaga doshahara property is used since ages and by folklore people in labor, selected for the study.

Method: A single blind comparative study, conducted on 45 primi and primipara gravida term pregnancy patients from IPD and OPD of S.D.M. Ayurveda Hospital, Kuthpady, Udupi. Selected 45 patients were randomly assigned in three groups of 15 patients each. Intervened with Eranda taila orally 30 mL, Matra Basti 30 mL and 2.5 IU of oxytocin in 1 pint of RL fluid administered as per the protocol of induction to the respective groups. The outcome measures, which were assessed, were progress in labor using the standard parameters of Bishop’s score and partogram and compared within groups.

Results: Eranda taila matra basti showed fast progress on all the parameters for delivery with statistical significance in time taken for first stage of labor with p value <0.05. Eranda taila paana showed slow and gradual progress and the control group had almost nearer action as eranda taila matra basti.

Conclusion: Eranda taila matra basti group showed good results than the other study groups by augmenting the labor and reducing duration of first stage of labor.


Keywords


Prasava, Labor, Eranda taila, Bishop’s score, Cervical dilation.

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