Concept of Atisthoulaya and Atikrusha Purusha in Ayurveda

N.C. Prasanna Lakshmi, Dr. Mrs. Priyadarshini Tewari

Abstract


Ayurveda conceives disease as a state of imbalance and loss of equilibrium of doshas and dhatus. The main aim of treatment of disease afflicting an individual is to bring about therapeutic equilibrium of doshas and dhatus by administering appropriate drug, diet, exercise and life style. Thus there is an interrelationship between disease and drugs. This relationship varies depending on the physical constitution of the individual. In Sukala-Yajur-Veda, Purusa medha adhyaya, chapter 30, verse 22, Atisthula and AtiKrusha are mentioned in the eight types of variform persons. There are eight undesirable types of physical constitutions described in Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 21st Chapter. The eight types of undesirable personalities are: 1

1) Ati Deergha or Too tall

2) Ati Hraswa or Too small

3) Ati Loma or Too hairy

4) Aloma or Hairless

5) Ati Krushna or Too black

6) Ati Goura or Too white

7) Ati Sthoulya or Too obese

8) Ati Krusha or Too emaciated

The above description of eight types of undesirable persons is based on physical constitution only. Out of these eight types, first six are not significant for medical purpose. They are undesirable in the society and cannot be treated. Charaka has considered Atisthoulya as 'Nanatamaja' or specific disease of Kapha2 also included Atisthoulya in Dusitamedoja roga3.


Keywords


Atisthoulaya, Atikrusha, Asto-Nindaniya Purusha.

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

R. K. Sharma, Bhagwan Dash, Charak samhita (Text with English Translation & Critical Exposition based on Cakrapani Datta’s Ayurveda Dipika), Vol I, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, First Edition: 1976, ISBN: 81-7080-012-9, Sutra Sthana Chapter 21, verse 3.

R. K. Sharma, Bhagwan Dash, Charak samhita (Text with English Translation & Critical Exposition based on Cakrapani Datta’s Ayurveda Dipika), Vol I, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, First Edition: 1976, ISBN: 81-7080-012-9, Sutra Sthana Chapter 20, verse 17.

R. K. Sharma, Bhagwan Dash, Charak samhita (Text with English Translation & Critical Exposition based on Cakrapani Datta’s Ayurveda Dipika), Vol I, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, First Edition: 1976, ISBN: 81-7080-012-9, Sutra Sthana Chapter 28, verse 15.

Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, Charak Samhita (English translation of the text along with commentary of Cakrapani Data, Appendix etc.), Vol I, Sutra Sthana & Nidana Sthana, Chapter 21, First edition -2004, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi.

Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, Madhav Nidanam (Roga Viniscaya) of Madhavkara (A treatise on Ayurveda) Text with English translation, critical introduction and Appendix, Chowkhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, eight edition 2007, Chapter 34.

L. D. Dwivedi, co-commentators: Dr. B.K. Dwivedi, Dr.P.K. Goswami, Charak Samhita: by Sri. Chakrapani Datta ‘Ayurved Dipika’ vyakha and ‘Ayurved Dipika’ ki TatvaPrakashini hindi vyakha Tatha Yatra-Tatra Sri GangadharaViratna krita “Jalpakalpataru’ ki hindi vyakha aevum Sholakanusara Anukramanika sahita. Vol I, Sutra Sthana, Chapter 21, verse 9, Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, Edition I, Vik. Sam. 2064, year 2007, ISBN: 978-81-218-02326.

Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi, Charaka Samhita of Agnivesha, elaborated by Charaka & Dridhabala edited with ‘Charaka- Chandrika’ Hindi commentary along with special deliberations, 5th edition 1997, Sutra Sthana, Chapter 21, verse-4, Chaukhambha Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi.

Prof. Y.G.Joshi, Charak Samhita by, Sri Chakrapanidattavirachit AyurvedaDipika vyakha, Marathi translation and Yashvant commentary (vol-I), Sutra Sthana, Chapter 21, verse 4, Vaidmitra Prakashana, 709, Sadishavapeth, Pune-411030, first edition (5 oct 2003).

Priyadarshini Gedam, Thesis submitted for Degree of PhD (Ayurved) entitled, “Brihatrayee- Laghutrayee Grantheshu Medoroga Chikitsayah Vishleshanatmak Adhayayanam” Jan 2011, Sampurnand Sanskrit University.

Kaviraj Shree Narendra Sengupta and LalaiChandra Sengupta, Charak Samhita by The Great Sage Bhagavata Agnivesha, thoroughly revised by Maharashi Charak & Dridhabala with Ayurvedadipika commentaries of Srimat Chakrapanidatta & Jalpakalpaturu explanatory notes & Annotations of Mahamohopadhyaya Sri Gangadhar Kaviratna Kaviraja, Sutra Sthana, Third Edition, Sutra Sthana, Chapter 21, verse 9, Chowkambha Orientalia, Delhi, ISBN:978-81-89469-30-6, 978-81-89469-29-0-(set).

Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, Madhav Nidanam (Roga Viniscaya) of Madhavkara (A treatise on Ayurveda) Text with English translation, critical introduction and Appendix, Chapter 34, verse 3, Chowkhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, Eighth Edition 2007.

Prof. K.R. Srikantha Murthy, Sushruta Samhita, English translation, Volume I, Chapter 15, verse-37, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, Edition 2004.

Sri Sudarshana Shastri, Madhav Nidanam of Sri Madhavkara with hindi commentary by Part II, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 20th edition 1993.

Shaligram Vaishya, BhavaPrakash Samhita of Vaidya BhavaMishra, hindi commentary, Madhya khanda, chapter 2, verse 10-11, Sri Vankateshwara Press, Mumbai.

Acharya Vidyadhara Shukla, Prof. Ravidutt Tripathi, Charaka Samhita of Agnivesha, elaborated by Charaka and redacted by Dridhabala, Vol-I, edited with ‘Vaidyamanorama’ hindi commentary along with special deliberations, Sutra Sthana, verse 21-28, Chowkhambha Sanskrit Pratisthana, Delhi, Second Edition-2000.

R. K. Sharma, Bhagwan Dash , Charak samhita (Text with English Translation & Critical Exposition based on Cakrapani Datta’s Ayurveda Dipika), Vol I, Sutra Sthana Chapter 21, verse 10-12, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, First Edition: 1976, ISBN: 81-7080-012-9.

R. K. Sharma, Bhagwan Dash , Charak samhita (Text with English Translation & Critical Exposition based on Cakrapani Datta’s Ayurveda Dipika), Vol I, Sutra Sthana Chapter 21, verse 13-14, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, First Edition: 1976, ISBN: 81-7080-012-9.

Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, Charak Samhita (English translation of the text along

with commentary of Cakrapani data, Appendix etc.), Vol I, Sutra Sthana & Nidan Sthana, Chapter 21, verse15, First edition -2004, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi.

L. D. Dwivedi, co-commentators: Dr. B.K. Dwivedi, Dr.P.K. Goswami, Charak Samhita: by Sri. Chakrapani Datta ‘Ayurved Dipika’ vyakha and ‘Ayurved Dipika’ ki TatvaPrakashini hindi vyakha Tatha Yatra-Tatra Sri GangadharaViratna krita “Jalpakalpataru’ ki hindi vyakha aevum Sholakanusara Anukramanika sahita. Vol I, Sutra Sthana, Chapter 21, verse 29-33, Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, Edition I, Vik. Sam. 2064, year 2007, ISBN: 978-81-218-02326.

Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, Charak Samhita (English translation of the text along with commentary of Cakrapani data, Appendix etc.), Vol I, Sutra Sthana & Nidana Sthana, Chapter 21, verse 17, First edition -2004, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)