Concept of Swedana-Karma in Ayurveda

Murlidhar Paliwal

Abstract


Ayurveda advocates number of therapeutic procedures for the cure of different diseases. Snehana, Swedana, Langhana, Brimhana, Rukshana and Stambhana are the Shadupakramas (six therapeutic procedures) on which entire clinical practice depends and it is the reason why Acharya Charak has stated that only he is the real physician who knows these Shadupakramas. Either it is the case of Kayachikitsa or of Shalya-chikitsa, these upakramas (therapeutic procedures) are considered and applied according to the need of the patient and disease. Swedana-karma is one significant upakrama out of Shadupakramas. Sweda, gharma, and nidagha are the synonyms having the meaning of perspiration. Swedana-karma (fomentation) means that thermal or non-thermal procedure which cures stiffness, heaviness and cold and produces sweating in the body. By virtue of the properties of Swedana dravyas, it is mainly beneficial in Vata-Kaphaja rogas (diseases). Different types of Swedana are discussed in Ayurveda considering different diseases and their stages. Sagni-niragni, ruksha-snigdha and ekanga-sarvanga Swedana are discussed in the text which explores the area and scope of this procedure.


Keywords


Dosha, Roga, Swedana, Shaman, Shodhan, Chikitsa

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Chikitsa-sthan-1/4/58. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 389.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-22/11. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 120.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/3. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 87.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/65-66. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 92.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-2/15. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 25.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/13. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 88.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-25/40. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 131.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/6. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 88.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/7-10. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 88.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/67. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 92.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/39-40. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 90.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/64. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 92.

Sushrut, Sushrut-Samhita, with the Nibandha-Samgraha commentary of Dalhan and Nyayachandrika Panjika of Shree Gayadas on Nidanasthan. Edited (from beginning to 9th chapter of Chikitsasthan) by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya and the rest by Narayan Ram Acharya “Kavyatirth”. Chikitsa-sthan-32/3. Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi (India), seventh edition-2002: 513.

Sushrut, Sushrut-Samhita, with the Nibandha-Samgraha commentary of Dalhan and Nyayachandrika Panjika of Shree Gayadas on Nidanasthan. Edited (from beginning to 9th chapter of Chikitsasthan) by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya and the rest by Narayan Ram Acharya “Kavyatirth”. Chikitsa-sthan-32/14-15. Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi (India), seventh edition- 2002: 514.

Vriddha Vagbhat, Ashtang-Samgraha with Shashilekha commentary by Indu. Edited by Dr. Shivprasad Sharma. Sutrasthan-26/16. Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi (India), 2nd edition-2008: 200.

Vagbhat, Ashtang-Hridaya, with the commentaries ‘Sarvangasundara of Arundatta and ‘Ayurveda-Rasayana’ of Hemadri. Edited by Bhishagacharya Harishastri Paradakar Vaidya. Sutrasthan-17/28. Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi (India), reprint ninth edition-2005: 259.

Kashyap (Vriddha Jivak), Kashyap-Samhita (Vriddhajivakiya-Tantra). Revised by Vatsya with Sanskrit introduction by Nepal Rajguru Pt. Hemraj Sharma and ‘Vidyotini’ Hindi Commentary and Hindi translation of Sanskrit introduction by Shri Satyapal Bhishagacharya. Sutrasthan-23/26. Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi (India), third edition, Vikram- Samvat-2039: 26.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/20-24. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 89.

Agnivesh, Charak-Samhita, with the Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by Chakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Sutrasthan-14/16-19. Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi (India), reprint edition-2000: 88.

Sushrut, Sushrut-Samhita, with the Nibandha-Samgraha commentary of Dalhan and Nyayachandrika Panjika of Shree Gayadas on Nidanasthan. Edited (from beginning to 9th chapter of Chikitsasthan) by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya and the rest by Narayan Ram Acharya “Kavyatirth”. Chikitsa-sthan-32/17-19. Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi (India), seventh edition- 2002: 514.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)