A Clinical Evaluation of Dantaraksha (An Ayurvedic Tooth Powder) in the Management of Chronic Periodontitis

Vivek J, B A Venkatesh

Abstract


Chronic periodontitis is the inflammation of the periodontal tissue caused due to the accumulation of dental plaque. If untreated it will lead to progressive attachment loss, bone loss & ultimately tooth loss. It can be correlated to Dantavestaka in Ayurveda. Acharya Sushruta says it manifests due to Dusta Shonita (Vitiated blood). It has symptoms like bleeding gums, pus discharge & mobility in teeth. Conventional periodontal therapy consists of mechanical debridement that is scaling & root planning. Ayurvedic medication Dantaraksha – Tooth powder has been used as an adjunct in the management of chronic periodontitis to avoid the side effects of chemicals.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Dantaraksha – Tooth powder, as an adjunct to scaling & root planning in Chronic Periodontitis patients.

Material and methods: 40 patients selected for the study were equally divided in two groups: Group A – Only Scaling and Root planning, Group B – Scaling and root planning followed by application of Dantaraksha tooth powder to the gums & teeth, twice daily, and massaging the same on gums & teeth gently with finger. Plaque index, gingival bleeding index scores and probing pocket depth were evaluated at baseline & after one month of treatment.

Results: The results show statistically significant difference between Groups A vs B. By looking at the mean value of Group A & Group B it was found that Group B gingival index, plaque index & probing pocket depth was significant over Group A.

Conclusion: Dantaraksha powder is effective as an adjunct in the management of chronic periodontitis patients when compared to conventional scaling & root planning alone.


Keywords


Ayurvedic, Dantavestaka, Dantaraksha, Scaling & root planning, Chronic Periodontitis

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