A Conceptual Review of Shiras as Pranayatana in Charaka Samhita

Praveen Kumar H, Govindaraju U

Abstract


Ayurveda is a life science which mainly aims at maintaining the health of an individual and at the same time treating the ailments of a diseased person. “DashaPranayatana” is a unique concept of Ayurveda mentioned in Charaka Samhita. In Sutrasthana, we find a whole chapter dedicated to the study of
DashaPranayatana and highlighted that one who knows these concepts will be known as Pranabhisara Vaidya, i.e., one who is confident and having absolute knowledge of the patient and the disease. In Charaka Samhita, we find references of ten such entities known as DashaPranayatana, which every Ayurvedic physician should be aware of, as they are seats of life or vitality. In such instance, it becomes important to understand the concept of Prana along with their seats in the context of Shareera Rachana. Shiras is one such Pranayatana mentioned in Charaka Samhita. It has been given much importance that it has been mentioned both in the context of DashaPranayatana and Marma. In this article, an attempt is made to understand and review Shiras in the context of DashaPranayatanas.


Keywords


Ayurveda, Prana, DashaPranayatana, Shiras, Shareera Rachana, Swasthya, Aturavastha

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