Awareness of Biomedical Waste Management among Medical Staff in a Tertiary Care Hospital

P Madan, D Behl, Shweta Sharma, A Khan, N Kaur, S Malhotra, C Hans, A K Gadpayle


The present study was aimed to determine the level of awareness regarding biomedical waste management (BMWM) among medical staff (doctors, nurses, lab technicians, multi--tasking persons) of different departments of a hospital. A study was conducted on a total of 200 staff (doctors, nurses, lab technicians, multi--tasking persons) of different departments of a hospital (emergency/ trauma, nursing home, laboratories and outpatient department). The questionnaire was used to determine the level of awareness among the staff. Results showed that the knowledge and awareness about BMW legislation and management was high in nurses as compared to other staff. The highest level of knowledge and awareness was found in emergency/ trauma as compared to other departments. This study suggested that there are poor levels of knowledge and awareness among multi--tasking persons about biomedical waste legislation, management and system. For effective implementation of BMWM practices in the hospitals, periodical sensitization and continuous training program is mandatory to improve the biomedical waste knowledge and practices among healthcare workers, especially focusing at the multi--tasking persons.


Biomedical waste management, Medical staff, Awareness.

Full Text:



Government of India. Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules. 1998. Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Subsection (ii). The gazette of India, 27 Jul 1998; No. 460.

Bio medical waste an overview. Available from:

WHO Fact Sheet No 253. Waste from health care activities. Available from: mediacentre/factsheets/fs253/en/.

Central pollution control board. Environmental standard and guidelines for management of hospital waste. CPCB. Ministry of Environment and Forest, New Delhi, Jun 1996.

Mathur V, Dwivedi S, Hassan MA et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices about biomedical waste management among healthcare personnel: A cross sectional study. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2011; 36: 143-45.

Saini S, Nagarajan SS, Sarma RK. Knowledge, attitude and practices of bio-medical waste management amongst staff of a tertiary level hospital in India. Journal of the Academy of Hospital Administration 2005; 17(2): 1-12.

Pandit NB, Mehta HK, Kartha GP et al. Management of bio-medical waste: Awareness and practices in a district of Gujarat. Indian J Public Health 2005; 49: 245-47.

Sahoo CR, Sahoo D, Sahoo J et al. Biomedical waste management in the district of Balasore, Odisha: A critical survey. Int J Life Sci Pharma Res Jul-Sep 2013; 3(3).

Sharma S. Awareness about bio-medical waste management among health care personnel of some important medical centres in Agra. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 2010; 1: 251-55.

Basu M, Das P, Pal R. Assessment of future physicians on biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine 2012; 3: 38-42.

Ismail MI, Kulkarni AG, Kamble SV et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice about bio-medical waste management among personnel of a tertiary health care institute in Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2013; 6(4): 376-80.

Imtiaz D, Gupta SB, Singh JP et al. Assessment of knowledge of hospital staff regarding biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital in Uttar Pradesh. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences 2014; 2(3C): 1070-74.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments