E-waste - Management Practices in India

Archana Thakur, Tapas Kumar Ray, Manish Kumar Goel

Abstract


With the usage of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) on the rise, the amount
of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) produced each day is equally growing
enormously around the globe. Recycling of valuable elements contained in e-waste
such as copper and gold has become a source of income mostly in the informal
sector of developing or emerging industrialized countries. However, primitive
recycling techniques such as burning cables for retaining the inherent copper expose
both adult and child workers as well as their families to a range of hazardous
substances.1 By definition, e-waste or “waste electrical and electronic products” is a
term used to cover all items of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) and its
parts that have been discarded by its owner as waste without the intent of reuse.2
Such wastes encompass wide range of electrical and electronic devices such as
computers, handheld cellular phones, personal stereos, including large household
appliances such as refrigerators, air conditioners, etc.3 E-waste consists hazardous
and non-hazardous waste. It consists of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, plastics,
glass, wood and plywood, printed circuit boards, concrete, ceramics, rubber and
other items. Iron and steel constitute about 50% of the-waste, followed by plastics
(21%), non-ferrous metals (13%) and other constituents. Non-ferrous metals consist
of metals like copper, aluminum and precious metals like silver, gold, platinum,
palladium and so on. The presence of elements like lead, mercury, arsenic,
cadmium, selenium, hexavalent chromium, and flame retardants beyond threshold
quantities make e-waste toxic (Table 1).4 Rapid product innovation, miniaturization
and replacement, especially for information and communication technology (ICT)
products and consumer equipment, are fueling the increase of e-waste and resulting
in immediate and long-term concern5 because of unregulated accumulation,
improper collection and treatment approaches that can lead to major
environmental problems endangering human health.


Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organisation. Children’s

environmental Health: Electronic waste. WHO.

Available from http://www.who.int/ceh/risks/

ewaste/en/.

Step Initiative. Solving the E-waste problem (Step)

white paper. One Global Definition of e-waste.

Bonn, German. 2014.

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Central

Pollution Control Board. Guidelines for

environmentally sound management of e-waste:

MoEF, Delhi. 2008.

Research unit (larrdis), Rajya Sabha. E waste in

India. New Delhi: Rajya Sabha Secretariat 2011.

Available from: http://rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/

publication_electronic/E-Waste_in_india.pdf.

United Nations University. The Global E waste

Monitor 2014. Available from https://i.unu.edu/

media/unu.edu/news/52624/UNU-1stGlobal-EWaste-

Monitor-2014-small.pdf.

E-Waste Assessment in India: Specific Focus on

Delhi. GTZ Study. 2007.

The Basel Action Network (BAN) and Silicon Valley

Toxics Coalition (SVTC). Exporting Harm: The

High-Tech Thrashing of Asia. Feb 25, 2002.

The Associated Chambers of Commerce &

Industry of India. India among 5Th largest

producer of e-waste in world. ASSOCHAM-KPMG

Study 2016. Available from http://www.

assocham.org/newsdetail.php?id=5702.

Ministry of Environment and Forests. E waste

(Management and Handling) Rules 2011. MoEF,

Delhi. 2011.

United Nations Environment Programme. Waste

crime - waste risks gaps in meeting the global

waste challenge. Available from http://www.

unep.org/newscentre/default.aspx?DocumentID=

&ArticleID=35021.

Chatterjee S. Sustainable electronic waste

management and recycling process. American

Journal of Environmental Engineering 2012; 2(1):

-33.

Pinto VN. E waste hazard: The impending

challenge. IJOEM 2008; 12(2): 65-70.

Sinha S. Downside of the digital revolution. Toxics

Link Dec 28, 2007. Available from:

http://www.toxicslink.org/art-view.php?id=124

List of registered e-waste dismantlers/recyclers in

the country. Available from: www.cpcb.

nic.in/Ewaste_Registration_List.pdf.

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate

Change. E waste (Management) Rules 2016.

MoEFCC, Delhi. 2016.

Agarwal R. E-waste law: New paradigm or

business as usual? ICRA Bulletin Jun 23, 2012;

XLVII(25).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Epidemiology International (ISSN: 2455-7048)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.