Knowledge Regarding Biological Terrorism among Medical Physicians in Goa

Jagadish Cacodcar, Abhishek Bicholkar, Piyush Kumar, Apurva Kamat, Swizel Cardozo, Abigail Rebello, Aadini Prabhu, Pushkar Patnekar, Kartik Naik, Omkar Vernekar, Royan Gomes


Introduction: The danger of using biological warfare for mass destruction is a serious threat to this country. Thus, it is necessary that our health care services are prepared to efficiently manage any such unfortunate events that we may have to face in future. Physicians in the public and private sector of health services are the first point of contact between public and health services. Thus, the present study examines the awareness of medical physicians in Goa about biological terrorism to evaluate the need for further education in this field.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among the medical physicians in Goa using purposive sampling method. The self-administered questionnaire collected information regarding the qualification, work setting of the study participants and knowledge regarding biological terrorism. Data was entered and analysed using SPSS version 22. Descriptive statistics was utilized to study frequencies and proportion of various study variables.

Results: Of the 200 study participants, 128 (64%) were Specialist doctors, 65 (32.5%) were General physicians, while 7 (3.5%) were Super-specialist doctors. Of the 200 study participants, 174 (87%) reported that they were aware of the use of biological agent for mass destruction of human lives. As much as 34 (17%) study participants could not list any agent of bioterrorism.

Conclusion: The knowledge of medical physician in Goa regarding bioterrorism is low, which is a matter of concern as these medical professionals are the first point of contact for the patients affected by an attack of bioterrorism.


Bioterrorism, Knowledge, Physicians

Full Text:



Trevisanato SI. The “Hittite plague”, An epidemic ofMed Hypotheses 2007; 69(6):1371-1374.

Kelly NS, Osterholm MT. Bioterrorism. Oxford Textbook

of Global Public Health. 6th ed. Oxford University Press,

Oxford, United Kingdom. 2015: 1206-1214.

Riedel S. Biological warfare and bioterrorism: a historical

review. Bayl Univ Med Cent 2004; 17(4):400-406.

Ganesan K, Raza SK, Vijayaraghavan R. Chemical warfare

agents. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2010; 2(3):166-178.

Gottron F. The U.S. Postal Service Response to the

Threat of Bioterrorism Through the Mail. Science

and Technology Analyst Resources, Science & Industry

Division, Congressional Research Service, The Library

of Congress. 2002.

Das S, Kataria V. Bioterrorism : A Public Health

Perspective. Med J Armed Forces India 2010; 66(3):


Chaudhari A, Sahana H, Shetiya S et al. Knowledge,

attitude and practice regarding bioterrorism amongst

the medical and dental interns in Dr. D.Y. Patil Deemed

University - A questionnaire study. Journal of Indian

Association of Public Health Dentistry 2011; 9(18):



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Epidemiology International (ISSN: 2455-7048)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.