Assessment of Knowledge and Preventive Practices about Occupational Health Hazard among Safai Karmchari of Municipality in Delhi

Vijay Shankar Patel, Utsuk Datta

Abstract


Background: Safai karmchari plays an important role in maintaining the health and hygiene in the cities. This job exposes safai karmchari to a variety of risk factors such as dust, volatile organic matter and mechanical stress, which makes them susceptible to certain occupational diseases. The aim of this study was to find out the awareness about occupational health hazard and safety measures practiced by safai karmchari.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study had been carried out during the month of December 2017 to mid of February 2018 in the New Delhi Municipal Council area. Primary data was collected through structured observation checklist and interview with 164 safai karmchari. The data was analyzed using Microsoft excel 2007.

Results: Results shows majority of respondent had knowledge about probability of skin allergy/injury/infection while collecting garbage by hand. Most of them had knowledge about probability of traffic accident while working on street. Most of respondents had knowledge about probability of fall while sweeping slippery surface and probability of respiratory problems/eye allergy, also probability of musculoskeletal problems due to their work. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) apron with reflector, shoes, cap, mask were used by most of the safai karmchari, but few of them uses gloves while working.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the knowledge about occupational hazards as well as its preventive measures was more among trained safai karmchari than in untrained safai karmchari. However, a smaller number of respondents was using PPE while working. There is a need to develop SOP for different activities and preventive measure for safai karmchari. A training program should be introduced.


Keywords


Municipality, Occupational Hazard, PPE, Safai karmchari

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alli BO. Fundamental Principals of Occupational Health

and Safety. 2nd ed. ILO, Geneva. 2008. Vii-5.

Cointreau Levine S. International Occupational and

Environmental Medicine. 1st ed. Mosby, St. Louis.

620-632.

Porta D, Milani S, Lazzarino AI et al. Systematic review

of epidemiological studies on health effects associated

with management of solid waste. Environ Health 2009;

(6)0: 1-14.

Athanasiou M, Makrynos G, Dounias G. Respiratory

health of municipal solid waste workers. Occup Med

(Lond) 2010; 60(8): 618-623.5. Cointreau Levine S. Occupational and environmental

health issues of solid waste management. special

emphasis on middle- and lower-income countries.

Urban papers. World Bank Group, Urban Sector Board,

Washington, DC. 2006. Available from: http:// www

worldbank.org/INTUSWM/Resources/up2.pdf.

Major Initiatives/Swachh Bharat Abhiyan [Internet].

India: Govt. of India Cited 2017 Dec 11]. Available

from: http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/major_initiatives/

swachh-bharat-abhiyan/.

Personal protective equipment. OSHA, Department

of Labour, Washington, DC. Cited 2017 Dec 11.

Available from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/

personalprotectiveequipment/.

Palve NN, Shidhaye PR, Chaturvedi RM et al. Study

of morbidity pattern and occupational hazards in

sweepers working at a municipal teaching hospital in

Mumbai. Int J Community Med Public Health 2014;

(1): 24-30.

Kabir A, Farhana N, Akter F et al. Sweeping practices,

perceptions and knowledge about occupational safety

and health hazards of street sweepers in Dhaka city,

Bangladesh: a qualitative inquiry. International Journal

of Community Medicine and Public Health 2015; 2(3):

-243.

Mudalige OMDCS, Dharmathilake AD. Health problems

among Colombo Municipal Council workers. 2017.

Available from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.

org/5f43/917bdf813e13471f9e82366aa6ac7404500e.

pdf.

Sultana N, Tania F. Sweeping practice and knowledge

about occupational safety and health hazards of

sweepers. International Journal of Current Research

; 8(5): 30901-30905.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Epidemiology International (ISSN: 2455-7048)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.