Prevalence of Psychiatric Morbidities in School Going Adolescents in a Rural Block of Haryana

Ram B Jain, Priyanka Choudhary, Sujata Sethi, Amit K Mital, Anand Jain, Jyoti Kaushik, Sandeep Sharma, Komal Singhania


Background: Mental health problems have increased considerably among adolescents in the past 20-30 years. According to the present estimates by World Health Organization, mental illnesses are the leading causes of disability adjusted life years globally.

Objectives: To find out prevalence of psychiatric disorders among school going adolescents and to find its association with socio demographic variables.

Methods and Materials: It is a school based, rural community setting with cross-sectional design. Study was conducted in 600 students (300 males and 300 females) studying in class 8th to 12th. A pre-designed, pre-tested tool Symptom Checklist 90 Revised containing 90 items was used to screen these students. The global severity index (GSI) was used to measure the extent or depth of individual`s psychiatric disturbances. Descriptive statistics and chi square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was found to be 35%. It increased statistical significantly with age. Females had more problems as compared to males. Maximum number of students with psychiatric morbidity were from class 12 (43%) and class 10 (37%) and from upper middle class (34.5%) followed by middle class (35.3%).

Conclusion: It is concluded that more than one-third (35%) of adolescents who were apparently healthy suffered from unnoticed mental health problems.


Adolescents, Prevalence, Psychiatric Morbidity

Full Text:



Herrman H, Saxena S, Moodie R. Promoting mental

health: concepts, emerging evidence, practice. A report

of the World Health Organization, Department of

Mental Health and Substance Abuse in collaboration

with the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation

and the University of Melbourne. World Health

Organization, Geneva. 2005.

Math SB, Srinivasaraju R. Indian psychiatric

epidemiological studies: learning from the past. Indian

J Psychiatry 2010; 52: 95-103.

Renouf AG, Kovacs M, Mukerji P. Relationship of

depressive, conduct and co-morbid disorders and

social functioning in childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc

Psychiatry 1997; 36: 998-1004.

Beautraise AL. Risk factors for suicide among young

people. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2000; 34: 420-36.

Michaud PA, Fombonne E. ABC of adolescence,

Common mental health problems. BMJ 2005; 9: 330.

Drugs and Alcohol Ireland - Second annual child

and adolescent mental health service report 2009-

Available from: http://www.drugsandalcohol.

ie/14281/#.7. Bansal V, Goyal S, Srivastava K. Study of prevalence of

depression in adolescent students of a public school.

Ind Psychiatry J 2009; 18(1): 43-46.

Malhotra S, Patra BN. Prevalence of child and adolescent

psychiatric disorders in India: a systematic review and

meta-analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and

Mental Health 2014; 8(22): 1-9.

Derogatis LR, Lipman RS. The SCL 90: An outpatient

psychiatric rating scale. Psychopharmacol Bull 1973;

(1): 13-28.

Nojomi M, Gharayee B. Medical students and mental

health by SCL-90-R. Medical Journal of the Islamic

Republic of Iran 2007; 21(2): 71-78.

Khairnar M, Wadgave U, Shimpi PV. Updated BG Prasad

socioeconomic classification for 2016. J Indian Assoc

Public Health Dent 2016; 14(4): 469-470.

Sharma A, Gupta SK, Luthra M et al. Psychosocial

problems of adolescents: Influence of age, sex and

area of residence. Journal of Advance Researches in

Biological Sciences 2014; 6(2): 130-133.

Jain V, Singh M, Muzammil K et al. Prevalence of

psychosocial problem among adolescents in rural

areas of District Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. Ind J

Comm Health 2014; 26(3): 243-248.

Pathak R, Sharma RC, Parvan UC et al. Behavioural

and emotional problems in school going adolescents.

Australas Med J 2011; 4: 1521.

Muzammil K, Kishore S, Semwal J. Prevalence of

psychosocial problems among adolescents in district

Dehradun, Uttarakhand. Indian J Public Health 2009;

(1): 18-21.

Cholakottil A, Kazhungil F, Kunhi KA. Prevalence

and pattern of psychiatric disorders in school going

adolescents. International Journal of Indian Psychology

; 4(3): 123-128.

Kumar KS, Akoijam BS. Depression, anxiety and stress

among higher secondary school students of Imphal,

Manipur. Indian J Community Med 2017; 42: 94-96.

Faizi N, Azmi SA, Ahmad A et al. Assessment of

psychological problems in school going adolescents

of Aligarh. Ind Psychiatry J 2017; 25: 184-188.

Bista B, Thapa P, Sapkota D et al. Psychosocial problems

among adolescent students: an exploratory study in

the central region of Nepal. Frontiers in Public Health

; 4: 158.

Murthy NMR, Smitha MC, Ram D et al. Association of

psychiatric morbidity with quality of life among late

adolescent girls: exploring the iceberg. Int J Community

Med Public Health 2016; 3: 1167-1172.

Kaur S, Thapar SK, Shandilya V. The prevalence of

psychiatric morbidity among school children. Int J Med

and Dent Sci 2015; 4(2): 834-41.

Balgir RS, Sidhu BS, Garg M et al. Distribution of

psychiatric morbidity among school going adolescents

in a district of North India. Int J Med Res Health Sci

; 5(5): 1-9.

Bhosale S, Singru SA, Khismatrao D. Study of

psychosocial problems among adolescent students

in Pune, India. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2015; 8(2): 150-155.

Roy R, Mukherjee S, Chaturvedi M et al. Prevalence

and predictors of psychological distress among school

students in Delhi. J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc. Ment

Health 2014; 10(3): 150-166.

Patil RN, Nagaonkar SN, Shah NB et al. A cross-sectional

study of common psychiatric morbidity in children aged

to 14 years in an urban slum. J Family Med Prim Care

; 2(2): 164-168.


  • There are currently no refbacks.