Psychological Distress and Coping among HIV/AIDS Patients

Salma Kaneez


The present study explores the relationship between psychological distress and coping in a sample of low-income HIV/AIDS patients. A total of 30 participants (18 males and 12 females) were selected from J. N. Medical College Hospital, AMU, Aligarh (India). Data was collected by means of Brief Cope Scale and PGI-Health Questionnaire (N-I). Collated data was analyzed by using Pearson’s correlation and KS test. Results indicated that active coping had a significant negative relation, and avoidant coping a strong positive association with psychological distress, whereas support coping was found to be negatively related with psychological distress. Moreover, significant gender differences were noticed in respect of avoidant coping and psychological distress. Female respondents appeared to rely heavily upon avoidant coping and felt more distressed as compared to their counterparts during the course of illness.


HIV, AIDS, Coping, Psychological distress

Full Text:



Black, L.W. (1993). AIDS and Secrets. In E. Imber-Black (eds.), Secrets in Families and Family Therapy, New York: Norton, 355-369.

Blomkvist, V. Theorell, T. Jhonson, H. et al. (1995). Psycho-social self-prognesis in relation to morality and morbidity in Hemophiliacs with HIV infection. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 62: 185-192.

Burns, M.J., Feaster, D.J., Mitrani, V.B., Ow, C. and Szapocznik, J. (2008). Stress process in HIV-positive African-American Mothers: Moderating effects of drug abuse history. Journal of Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 21(1), 95-116.

Cruess, S., Antoni, M., Kilbourn, K., Ironson, G.,Klimas, N., Fletcher, M.A., Baum, A. and Schneiderman, N. (2000). Optimism, Distress and Immunologic status in HIV infected gay men following Hurricane Andrew. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 7 (2), 160-182.

Derlega, V.J., Winstead, B.A., Green, K., Serovich J., and Elwood, W.N. (2002). Perceived HIV-related stigma and HIV disclosure to relationship partners after finding out about the seropositive diagnosis. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 415-435.

Halkitis, P.N., Pearsons, J.T., Wolstski, R.J. and Remiien, R.H. (2003). Characteristics of HIV anti-retroviral treatments, access and adherence in an ethnically diverse sample of men who have sex with men. AIDS Care, 15 (1), 89-102.

Holahan, C.J. and Moos, R.H. (1986). Personality, Coping and Family Resources in Stress Resistance: A Longitudinal Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 389-395.

Kalichman, S.C., and Catz, S. L. (2000). Stressors in HIV infection,. In K.H. Nott and K. Vedhara (eds.), Psycho-social and Biomedical Interactions in HIV Infection (PP.31-60). Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.

Kurdek, L. A. and Siesky, G. (1990). The nature and correlates of Psychological adjustment in gay men with AIDS related conditions. Journal of Applied and Social Psychology, 40 (7), 770-779.

Lazarus, R.S. and Falkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping, New York: Springer.

Mirowsky, J., and C. E. Ross (2000). Selecting outcomes for the Sociology of mental health; issues of measurement and dimensionality. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 43, 152-170.

Mulder, C.L., Antoni, M. H., Duivenvoorden, H.J., Kauffmann, R.H. and Goodkin, K. (1999). Active Confrontational Coping predicts decreased clinical progression over a one-year period in HIV infected homosexual men. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 39 (8), 957-965.

Mulder, C. L., Griensven, G.J.P., Standfort, T.G.M., de Vroom, E.M.M., Antoni, M.H. (1999). Avoidance as a predictor of the biological course of infection over a 7-year period in gay men. Health Psychology, 18, 107-113.

National AIDS Control Organization (2015). Annual Report: 2015-2016, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, 335-338.

Namir, S., Alumbaugh, M.J., Fawzy, F.I. and Wolcott, D. (1987). Coping with Aids: Psychological and health implications. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 309-328.

Swindells, S., Mohr, J., Justis , J.C. et al (1999). Quality of life in patients with Human Immune- Deficiency virus infection: Impact of Social Support, Coping style and Hopelessness. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 10, 383-391.

Turner-Cobb, J.M., Gore- Felton, C., Marouf, F., Koopman, C. et al (2002). Coping, Social Support and attachment style as psycho-social correlates of adjustment in men and women with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 25, 337-353.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Integrated Community Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.