Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Expressed Practices of Urban and Rural Married Women towards Eugenics

Hemlata ., Poonam Sheoran, Adiba Siddiqui

Abstract


Introduction: Pre-conception Care and Pre-conception Health is the major concern in the worldwide including India. Despite of recent acknowledgement of the importance of pre-conception care, many women remain under-informed. Eugenics are the methods acquired by women for having physically and psychologically healthy conception and pregnancy. This study has been designed in order to compare knowledge, attitude & expressed practices of the urban and rural married women regarding eugenics in Barara Village, Holy Village and MCH Barara.

Materials and Methods: Purposive sampling method was adopted. The necessary data were gathered with a self-structured questionnaire. Comparisons of frequency of variables between urban and rural areas were tested by chi square test, t test, Pearson test and ANOVA test.

Results: A total of 150 and 168 married women were selected from urban and rural areas respectively. In Urban areas, majority of the married women were in the age group of 29-35 years whereas in rural areas, they were in 22-28 years. Knowledge level was average among urban areas as compared to the below average level in rural areas whereas, level of attitude among both areas was moderately favorable towards eugenics. Non-Traditional practices towards eugenics were more practiced in both urban and rural areas.

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and expressed practice levels towards eugenics were not acceptable in order to achieve the sustainable goal of reduced maternal and infant mortality rate. There is a need of planning an educational based intervention to achieve sustainable developmental goals.


Keywords


Attitude, Expressed practice, Eugenics, Knowledge

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