A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on Knowledge regarding Selected Obstetrical Emergencies during Labor among Staff Nurses in Selected Hospitals of Bhopal, MP

Gifty Bijoy, Sunita Lawrence

Abstract


Obstetrical emergencies are life-threatening conditions that occur in pregnancy, during or after labor and delivery. There are a number of illnesses and disorders of pregnancy that can threaten the well-being of both mother and child. Obstetrical emergencies may also occur during active labor, and after delivery.
It is of paramount importance that nurses are aware of the identification and management protocols of obstetrical emergencies. Therefore, a pre-experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching on knowledge regarding selected obstetrical emergencies during labor among staff nurses in selected hospitals of Bhopal, MP. The objectives of the study were to assess the preinterventional knowledge regarding selected obstetrical emergencies during labor among staff nurses, to assess the post-interventional knowledge regarding selected obstetrical emergencies during labor among staff nurses and compare the pre- and post-interventional knowledge score and to find out the association of the pre-interventional knowledge level with their selected demographic variables (age, qualification,
years of clinical experiences, years of experience in labor unit, previous knowledge exposure). Thirty staff nurses working in Jawaharlal Nehru Gas Rahat Hospital and Jai Prakash Hospital, Bhopal, were selected for the study using purposive sampling technique. One group pre- and post-test design was used to observe the effect of video-assisted teaching among the staff nurses. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection in the form of multiple-choice answers. The results of the study revealed that the mean pre-interventional knowledge score of staff nurses was 9.63, which was apparently higher than the mean post-interventional knowledge score of 23.46. The positive mean difference of knowledge score shows that video-assisted teaching was effective. The calculated ‘t’ value of 16.17 at p<0.05 level shows that there
was a significant difference in knowledge level of staff nurses regarding selected obstetrical emergencies during labor, such as cord prolapse, shoulder dystocia, uterine rupture, and amniotic fluid embolism.


Keywords


Cord prolapse, Shoulder dystocia, Uterine rupture, Amniotic fluid embolism, Obstetrical emergencies, Labor

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