Impact of a Brief School Based Educational Intervention to Increase the Knowledge about HPV Vaccination among Adolescent Girls

Latha M Sneha, Julius Xavier Scott, Abirami S Kennedy, Sooram D Balaji, Goutham Balaji, Nandhini Muthuswamy

Abstract


Background: Human papilloma virus (HPV) infections are one of the commonly sexually transmitted infections. Worldwide, HPV has been documented as the causative factor in 99% of the cervical cancers but still HPV vaccination implementation is still non-pragmatic in India. For the successful implementation of the vaccination programs, the target population – adolescents’ awareness regarding HPV associated diseases and benefits of vaccination should be improved.

Aims and Objectives: To assess the knowledge of human papilloma virus and attitude towards HPV vaccination among adolescent girls and the effect of a short educational intervention on improving the knowledge and thereby increasing the acceptance of the vaccine.

Methodology: A questionnaire study was conducted among adolescent girls in the age group of 14-18 years in secondary and higher secondary schools. The participants were given a brief power point presentation about HPV and vaccination. The post interventional questionnaire was given immediately and one month later to test the level of retention of the knowledge acquired.

Results: Among 984 participants, only 743 were found to be valid. The mean test scores was not significantly different among participants from urban or rural group nor was it higher among children of higher parental education or socio-economic status. Among the study population, only 0.4% had received the HPV vaccination and only 32 % knew that cervical cancer was preventable. In the post intervention study, 85% were willing to get vaccinated and 91% wanted to recommend it other family members. The mean test score was statistically significant (p = 0.000) in both the post interventional studies.

Conclusion: Awareness campaigns about HPV, HPV vaccine and cervical cancer should be conducted at all educational institutions, mainly targeting the adolescent population.


Keywords


Adolescents, HPV vaccination awareness, School based educational interventions

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