Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors of Physiotherapists to Evidence-Based Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Srishti Sharma, Megha Sheth


Introduction: Physiotherapists work as autonomous professionals and in team with other healthcare professionals. The present-day healthcare literature consists of arguments about the importance of outcome research and evidence-based practice. Therefore, studying the currently used and new treatment
procedures along with their supporting evidences is of prime importance particularly to the new graduates.

Aim: To determine physiotherapists’ self-reported knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors to evidencebased practice within a university setting.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among postgraduate physiotherapy students (n=75) within the Gujarat University. Participants completed evidence-based practice questionnaire (EBP-Q) designed to determine knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors, as well as demographic information about themselves and practice settings. Most responses of questionnaire were rated on a 5-point Likert scale, between ‘strongly agree’ and ‘strongly disagree’. Some items included yes/no/do not know responses, whereas others consisted of understand completely/understand somewhat/do not understand responses.

Result: Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Percentage of participants was calculated for responses of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors domains in the questionnaire.

Conclusion: Physiotherapists have a positive attitude and beliefs about EBP; however, the knowledge and behaviors among them was relatively poor.


Evidence-based practice questionnaire, Knowledge, Attitude and beliefs, Behaviors, Evidence-based physiotherapy

Full Text:



Michels E. Evaluation and research in physical therapy.

PhysTher 1982: 62: 828-34

Currier DP. Elements of Research in Physical Therapy.

rd ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins 1990.

Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM, Gray JA et al. Evidence

based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. BMJ 1996;

: 71-72.

Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE, MacLennan G et al.

Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination

and implementation strategies. Health Technol Assess

; 8: 1-72.

Aarons GA, Glisson C, Hoagwood K et al. Psychometric

properties and US national norms of the evidencebased

practice attitude scale (EBPAS). Psychol Assess

; 22(2): 356.

Jette DU, Bacon K, Batty C et al. Evidence-based practice:

Beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors of physical

therapists. Phys Ther 2003; 83: 786-805.

McColl A, Smith H, White P et al. General practitioner’s

perceptions of the route to evidence based medicine:

A questionnaire survey. BMJ 1998; 316: 361-65.

O’Donnell CA. Attitudes and knowledge of primary care

professionals towards evidence-based practice: a postal

survey. J Eval Clin Pract 2004; 10: 197-205.

Estabrooks CA, Floyd JA, Scott-Findlay S et al. Individual

determinants of research utilization: A systematic

review. J Adv Nurs 2003; 43: 506-20.

Bridges PH, Bierema LL, Valentine T. The propensity

to adopt evidence-based practice among physical

therapists. BMC Health Serv Res 2007; 7: 103.

Kamwendo K. What do Swedish physiotherapists feel

about research? A survey of perceptions, attitudes,

intentions and engagement. Physiother. Res Int 2002,

: 23-34.

McInerney P, Suleman F. Exploring knowledge, attitudes,

and barriers toward the use of evidence-based practice

amongst academic healthcare practitioners in their

teaching in a South African university: A pilot study.

Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing 2010; 7: 90-97.

Heiwe S, Nilsson KK, Tyni-Lenné R et al. Evidence-based

practice: Attitudes, knowledge and behaviour among

allied healthcare professionals. International Journal

for Quality in Healthcare 1 Apr 2011; 23(2): 198-209.

Salbach NM, Jaglal SB, Korner-Bitensky N et al.

Practitioner and organizational barriers to evidencebased

practice of physical therapists for people with

stroke. Phys Ther 2007; 87: 1284-303.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Healthcare Education & Medical Informatics (ISSN: 2455-9199)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.