Prevalence of Chronic Bronchitis in Selected Districts of Kashmir Valley

Dr. Rinchen Angmo Spon, Dr. Sufoora Bilques, Dr. Iftikhar Hussain, Dr. S.M. Salim Khan, Dr. Inam Ul-Haq, Dr.Yangchen Dolma

Abstract


Chronic bronchitis causes high morbidity and mortality throughout the world and it is basically a preventable disease. Kashmir being a high altitude area, with people living in poorly ventilated homes and use of wood as a primary source of fuel in some part of rural areas predispose them to respiratory diseases. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of chronic bronchitis in the age group of 18 years and above in Kashmiri population. It was a community based cross sectional study, with multi stage random sample of 912 consenting participants, aged >18 years and above. The overall prevalence of chronic bronchitis was found out to be 5.4%. The study showed higher prevalence among males compared to females, higher age groups, smokers and people living in overcrowded homes, using wood as fuel and majority of them belonged to low socio- economic status. Concluding that prevalence was less than expected but there still remains room for improvement .The common risk factors of chronic bronchitis like smoking , overcrowding and using wood as a fuel can be dealt with educational interventions and raising the socio- economic status. People in common should be educated about this respiratory disease, its complications and its risk factors.


Keywords


Cross sectional, chronic bronchitis, prevalence, risk factors

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Babak Amra, Mohammad Gholshan, “Risk factors for chronic bronchitis among women in Sharekord, Iran”, 2002; 1: 19-22p.

Surinder K. Jindal, Emergence of COPD as an epidemic in India, “Ind J Med”, dec2006; 619-630p.

Zang H,Cai B, “The impact of tobacco on lung health in China”, Respirology 2003; 8: 17-21p.

Singh JA (2012), “Why human health and health ethics must be central to climate change deliberations”, Plos med 9(6):e1001229, Doi: 10. 1371/journal. Pmed.1001229.

Qureshi KA, Domestic smoke pollution and prevalence of chronic bronchitis / asthma in a rural area of Kashmir, “Indian J Chest Dis allied sci.” 1994; 36(2): 61-72p.

The European community respiratory health survey II.

Sikand BK, Pamra SP, Mathur P, Chronic bronchitis in Delhi as revealed by mass survey, “Indian J Tuberc 1966”; 13: 94-101p.

Akhtar MA, Latif PA, Prevalence of chronic bronchitis in urban population of Kashmir, “J Indian Med assoc” 1999 Sept; 97(9): 365-6,369p.

Bhattacharya SN, Bhatnagar JK, Kumar S et al, Chronic bronchitis in rural population, “Indian J Chest Dis.” 1975; 17: 1-7p.

Vishwanathan and Singh Kuldip, “Chronic bronchitis and asthma in urban and rural Delhi”, Advance in chronic lung diseases, 1975: 44-57p.

Thiruvengadam KV, Sekar TS and Rajagopal KP, Study of chronic bronchitis in Tamil Nadu, “Indian J Chest Dis”; 1974; 24(1): 1.

Rimington J, Chronic bronchitis, smoking and social class, a study among working people in the towns of mid east chashiri, “British Journal of Diseases of Chest”, 1969; 65:195-205p.

Rimington J, Cigarettes smokers chronic bronchitis, inhalers and non- inhalers compared, “British Journal of Diseases of Chest”, 1974; 68:161.

Ana Maria B Menezes et al, “Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in five Latin American cities (the PLATINO study) – A Prevalence study”, Lancet 2005; 366: 1875- 81p.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)