Hypothyroidism among Menopausal Women: A Review

Priyanka Sharma, Anita Verma, Sneha Kumari, Mukesh Kumar, Jugal Kishore


Introduction: Thyroid diseases are public health problem worldwide with hypothyroidism more being more common. Its risk increases during menopause due to hormonal transition among women. There is no Indian guideline related to screening among this population.

Methods: Review was undertaken in multiple ways including internet and library. Studies published in English were included.

Results: A total of 8 studies were included in the review. The prevalence of hypothyroidism ranged from about 7% to 24% in India and globally across the world.

Conclusion: The prevalence is high among menopausal women. There is need for further research into associated factors leading to high risk among these women. Screening guidelines need to be formulated in India for hypothyroidism among menopausal women.


Thyroid, Menopause, Hypothyroidism, Prevalence

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