Assessment of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients by Doppler Ultrasonography and Correlation with Risk Factors

Sanjay Kumar, B M Singh Lamba, Mukesh Verma, Pratap Singh


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia due to defects in insulin secretion, action or both. Several different types of DM exist and are caused by a complex interaction of genetics, environmental factors and life style choices.

Aims and Objectives: To study the prevalence and morphological pattern of peripheral arterial lesions in patients with DM by duplex color doppler ultrasonography and to correlate the findings with the various risk factors and variables.

Materials and Methods: A complete history and physical examination including examination of the lower limbs with respect to peripheral arterial disease, basic routine blood and urine laboratory investigation, assessment of peripheral arterial disease by doppler ultrasonography of lower limb arteries and assessment of diabetic complications were carried out on 50 cases of type 2 DM of more than 5 years duration and 25 controls of non-diabetic population. Type 1 DM and type 2 DM patients with duration of diabetes less than 5 years were excluded from the study as were the patients of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).


Peripheral arterial disease, Diabetes mellitus, Doppler ultrasound, Ankle-brachial index

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