The lacuna between R&D and technological commercialization of Biofertilizers in South Asian countries

Aritra Goswami, Laboni Ghosh, Rajarshi Banerjee

Abstract


The study is aimed at explaining the necessity to think of worthy alternatives in the field of agricultural promoters and moreover, the application of the same with proper initiatives and infrastructure. It describes the availability of biofertilizers in South Asian countries, which has an agro-based industry, which employs at least 10% of the total population of the country besides which, it also describes some established and ongoing research proceedings in these particular few countries in the field of biofertilizers. Chemical fertilizer industry has grown largely in these areas due to the overwhelming population in this region and to provide food security to the same, the most easily available productive, fertilizers in the market are the ones with a chemical composition. Though, in larger economies like India and China the setup is in terms of number of manufacturing units but proper marketing of the product still needs a boost. Although government of all the countries have taken significant steps towards making agriculture of the respective countries cleaner and greener by taking up significantly important policies pertinent to biofertilizers and thereby deviating from the regular use of chemical fertilizers. It has been found in many established researches around the globe that the use of chemical fertilizer has long term side effects, affecting both the user who is a producer of agro-products as well as the consumer who is a buyer of the same. In the 21st century, where horizons know no boundaries, it is time for developing nations to take the leap forward in terms of food security and provide every possible support to the organizations that is actively involved in research, in on field applications and the manufacturing biofertilizers. The benefit to cost ratio for biofertilizers is a sustainable one and by application of these products we would be doing good to the environment and would be placing a foundation stone for a secure future. The study done here is an honest effort towards developing a well recited notion of promotion, commercialization and usage of biofertilizers in South Asian region where countries generate about 10-45% of their revenue and bulk portion of their GDP (gross domestic product) through agriculture. The effort is to bring in righteous information of the above mentioned areas into one common platform for all the countries taken into consideration. It would thereby, bring in new dynamics to the field of biofertilizers and would also bring an opportunity to review the current scenario, thereby replacing whatever mordant approach was taken in this particular matter by the people related with this field. Besides new avenues for development of the same can be thought of and the lacuna between R&D and technological commercialization would be reduced to a minimum.


Keywords


Biofertilizer, GDP (Gross Domestic Product), Per capita expenditure, Commercialization, Market value.

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