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Human, Organizational Factors (HOF) and workplace accidents among the Ferroalloy industries in Bhutan

Phuntsho Dendup, Twisuk Punpeng, Chaweewon Boonshuyar

Abstract


Introduction: Human and organisational factors (HOF) are essential components of all types of industry. On one hand, HOF is found to be the influencing factor that contributes to the workplace injuries while on the other hand, HOF has long been accepted as having a significant role in accident prevention in any industries. Nevertheless, no study was found to be conducted on contribution and prevention of workplace accident due to HOF in Ferroalloy industry in Bhutan. Objectives: to describe how the HOF contribute to accident and their association with workplace accident in the ferroalloy industries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 300 workers selected proportionately among the six ferroalloy industries in Bhutan. Results: Among the human factors, this study found a significant association between regular employment, workers with dependents, and four occupations of 12 listed. Among the occupations, Tapper, Electrician, Mechanic, and Lab technician were found significantly associated with workplace accident. The nature of these jobs was found physically demanding and more hazardous than other occupations. The significant result between workers with dependent and workplace accident was supported by higher incidence of workplace accident among the married and divorced workers (21.2%) compared to single (17.4%). The equipment and training of organisational factors were found to be significantly associated with workplace accident. Conclusion: The social factors were also found to be the triggering factors of a workplace accident. Similarly, poor level of equipment and training of an organisation such as lack of regular safety training, and inadequate and sub-standards equipment were the contributing factors of the workplace accident. HOF was also influenced by lack of strong OHSMS at the workplace and National OHSA in the country.


Keywords


Human and organisational factors, workplace injuries,Ferroalloy industry, Shift duties, PPE, Overtime

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References


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