Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

“Organ Donation: Awareness, Attitudes and Beliefs among Medical Students of Mysore, Karnataka”

Amrutha A M, Sushma J

Abstract


Background: The opinions of the medical community and perhaps most importantly, the attitudes of the public, clearly affect the availability of organs for transplantation. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 181 medical students in a medical college of Karnataka in the month of August 2015. “Direct interview method” of primary source of information technique was used for data collection. A pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used to meet the objectives. The data was analysed and presented in simple proportions. Results: A convenience sample of 181 medical students studying in 2nd and 3rd year MBBS in Mysore Medical College were surveyed using self-administered,pre-tested,semi-structured questionnaire. Out of 181 study subjects, 93 were females and 88 were males. Mean age of the study subject was 20.23 years. Majority (n= 150, 82.9%) opined that the ideal candidate for organ donation is the brain dead followed by healthy living donors(n=23,12.7 %) and cadaver(n=07, 3.9%). Students had good knowledge about organ donation. 61.9%students had willingness to donate their own organs.The attitude scores, on the individual items, showed a mean of 2.17 to 3.87 (agree) when asked about approving of cadaver organ donation, willingness to donate one’s own or a child/family members organs, and willingness to discuss organ donation with one’s family.Majority of the students had correct perceptions about organ donation. Conclusions: Thestudents have good knowledge about the brain death and positive attitude towards organ donation. However, there is need for further research on attitude of medical students and other professionals on larger sample and also better education programs regarding the organ donation process. 


Keywords


Organ donation, Medical students, Brain dead, Organ Transplantation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Filho MA, Ramalho H, Pires HS, Silveria JA. Attitudes and awareness regarding organ donation in the western region of Sao Paulo. Transplant Proc 1995; 27:1835.

Manninen DL, Evans RW (1985) Public Attitudes and behavior regarding organ donation. JAMA 253: 3111

Prottas J, Batten H (1988) Health professionals and hospital administrators in organ procurement: attitudes, reservations and their solutions. Am J Pub Health 78: 642

Wakeford R, Stepney R (1989) Obstacles to organ donation. Br J Surg 76: 435

Edwards AG, Weale AR, Morgan JD (2004) A survey of medical students to assess their exposure to and knowledge of renal transplantation. BMC Med Educ 4: 32

Laederach-Hofmann K, Gerster BI (1998) Knowledge and attitudes towards organ transplantation: a survey of first year medical students. Schweiz Med Wochenschrift 128: 1840

UNOS. Waiting list data: United Network for Organ Sharing 2001.

Cadaver Transplant Registry: From the Mohan Foundations in Hyderabad & Chennai, ZTCC – Mumbai and SORTE –Cochin .ZCCK Bangalore.

Rumsay S, Hurford DP, Cole AK. Influence of knowledge and religiousness on attitudes towards organ donation. Transplant Proc 2003; 35(8): 2845-50.

Wig N, Gupta P, Kailash S. Awareness of brain death and organ transplantation among selected Indian population. J Assoc Physicians India,2003;51:455

Chung CK, Ng CW et al: Attitudes, knowledge, and actions with regard to organ donation among Hong Kong medical students. Hong Kong Med J. 2008 Aug;14(4):278-85.

Verma SK. Medical students-Their attitudes to organ donation and transplantation. Nat Med J India 2000;13:46-7.

Edwin AR, Raja D. Attitudes of health care professionals towards organ donation. Indian J Urol 2000;16:98-105.

Schaeffner, Elke S. Windisch, Wolfram2; et al : Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Organ Donation Among Medical Students and Physicians Transplantation:15 June 2004 - Volume 77 - Issue 11 – pp 1714-1718

Goz F, Goz M, Erkan M. Knowledge and attitudes of medical, nursing, dentistry and health technician students towards organ donation: a pilot study. J Clin Nurs. 2006 Nov;15(11):1371-5.

C, Kris PT Y, Bruce YH T, Pamela PW L: Attitudes, knowledge and actions with regard to organ donation among Hong Kong medical students. Hong Kong Med J 2008, 28:278–285.

Nakayama Y, Ota M, Isshiki M, Mori M: Evaluation of effects of education about a donor card on university or college students [in Japanese].Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 2002, 49:1097–1106.

Verma SK. Medical students-Their attitudes to organ donation and transplantation. Nat Med J India 2000;13:46-7


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Preventive, Curative & Community Medicine

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.