Study of Common Mental Disorders among Small-Scale Industry Workers in an Urban Slum in North East Delhi, India

Sujata Gupta, Neha Taneja, Abha Mangal, Joyce F Vaghela


Introduction: 10% of the world’s population has mild mental disorders, and 1% suffers from severe mental disorders, while in India prevalence rates of common mental disorders range from 6 to 7% and severe mental disorders 1–2%. Mental health of workers affects the productivity of the workplace, with estimates putting these losses to be over 100 million dollars annually.

• Screening of common mental disorders among workers working in small-scale industries;
• To determine the socio-demographic and occupational determinants related to mental disorders in workers working in small-scale industries.

Materials and Methods: The study is a cross-sectional study and was conducted among 100 workers of small-scale industries having at least 10 employees in an urban slum of north east Delhi during July to August 2016. Written informed consent was taken from each study participant. A pretested sociodemographic questionnaire and screening tool GHQ-12 (general health questionnaire) and PHQ-SADS (patient’s health questionnaire) was used in the study. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Data of 30 cases was analyzed

Results: On screening for presence of symptoms suggestive of psychological distress and mental disorder using GHQ-12, out of 100 participants almost all (98%) were found to be at risk. About 38% were having low-somatic symptoms while 14% were having symptoms suggestive of mild anxiety and 23% of moderate depression.

Conclusion: The study threw light on prevalence of common mental disorders among small-scale industrial workers and various determinants associated with them.


Small-scale industry, Common mental disorder

Full Text:




Health and environment in sustainable development.

Geneva: WHO; 1997. Occupational health: The work

place. [cited on 2017 Aug]. Available from:http://


Saha TK et al. Health status of workers engaged in the

small-scale garment industry: How healthy are they?”

Indian J Community Med : Official Publication of Indian

Association of Preventive & Social Medicine 2010; 35.1:

-82. PMC. Web. 13 Aug. 2017.

LeãoLuís Henrique da Costa, Gomez Carlos Minayo.

The issue of mental health in occupational health

surveillance. Ciênc. saúdecoletiva [Internet]. 2014

Dec [cited 2017 Aug 11]; 19(12): 4649-58. Available



Rao S et al. Depression, anxiety and stress levels in

industrial workers: A pilot study in Bangalore, India.

Ind Psychiatry J Jan-Jun 2015; 24(1).

Goldberg DP, Blackwell B. Psychiatric illness in general

practice: A detailed study using a new method of case

identification. Br Med J. 1970 May 23; 1(5707): 439-43.

Goldberg DP, Gater R, Sartorius N et al. The validity

of two versions of GHQ in the WHO study of mental

illness in general health care. Psychological Medicine

; 27: 191-97.

Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JBW et al. The patient

health questionnaire somatic, anxiety, and depressive

symptom scales: A systematic review. General Hospital

Psychiatry 2010; 32 (4): 345-59.

Chen WQ, Wong TW, Yu TS. Influence of occupational

stress on mental health among Chinese off-shore oil

workers. Scand J Public Health 2009 Sep; 37(7): 766-73.

Chand A. Physical and psychological health problems

of garment workers in Fiji. Pac Health Dialog. 2006

Sep; 13(2): 65-70.

Fujino Y, Horie S, Hoshuyama T et al. A systematic

review of working hours and mental health burden.

Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi 2006 Jul; 48(4): 87-97.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Healthcare Education & Medical Informatics